Ghana is a West African country that is renowned for its vibrant culture, stunning landscapes, and welcoming people. It is a destination that offers a blend of history, nature, and adventure, making it a great place to explore. If you’re planning to visit Ghana, here are 10 must-see attractions that you should add to your itinerary.
Cape Coast Castle
The Cape Coast Castle is a historic fortification that was built by the British in the 17th century. It served as a slave trade center, where thousands of African slaves were held captive before being shipped to the Americas. The castle has now been converted into a museum, where visitors can learn about the history of the slave trade and the impact it had on Africa and the world.
Kakum National Park
Kakum National Park is a rainforest reserve that covers an area of about 360 square kilometers. It is home to several species of plants and animals, including elephants, antelopes, and over 300 species of birds. One of the main attractions of the park is the canopy walkway, which is suspended about 30 meters above the forest floor and offers breathtaking views of the rainforest.
Lake Volta is the largest man-made lake in the world by surface area and is one of Ghana’s most fascinating natural wonders. The lake was created in the 1960s when the Akosombo Dam was built on the Volta River to generate hydroelectric power. Today, Lake Volta covers over 8,500 square kilometers and is a popular destination for fishing, boating, and exploring the surrounding area.
One of the best ways to experience Lake Volta is by taking a boat tour. Visitors can hire a guide to take them on a tour of the lake, which includes stops at fishing villages, wildlife sanctuaries, and historic sites. Along the way, visitors can also take in stunning views of the lake and the lush forests that surround it.
Another popular activity on Lake Volta is fishing. The lake is home to a wide variety of fish species, including Nile perch, tilapia, and catfish. Visitors can hire a local guide to take them on a fishing trip, which can be a fun and relaxing way to spend a day on the lake.
For those interested in history, Lake Volta is also home to several important historical sites. One of the most significant is the Dodi Island Slave Market, which was once a major center of the slave trade in Ghana. Visitors can take a guided tour of the site and learn about the history of the slave trade in the region.
Finally, Lake Volta is also a great place to explore the local culture. Visitors can visit traditional villages around the lake and learn about the customs and traditions of the local people. They can also sample local cuisine, including fresh fish and other dishes made with ingredients sourced from the lake and surrounding area.
Mole National Park
Mole National Park is a wildlife reserve located in northern Ghana. It covers an area of about 4,840 square kilometers and is home to several species of animals, including elephants, antelopes, and baboons. Visitors can take guided tours of the park and go on safari drives to see the animals up close.
Independence Square is a public square located in the capital city of Accra. It is a symbol of Ghana’s independence from British colonial rule in 1957 and is the site of many national celebrations and events. The square is also home to several monuments and statues that commemorate Ghana’s history and culture.
Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park
The Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park is a museum and mausoleum dedicated to Ghana’s first president, Kwame Nkrumah. It is located in the heart of Accra and contains several exhibits that showcase Nkrumah’s life and achievements. Visitors can also pay their respects at his tomb, which is located in a peaceful garden setting.
Aburi Botanical Gardens
The Aburi Botanical Gardens is a 64-hectare botanical garden located in the eastern part of Ghana. It was established in 1890 and is home to several species of plants and trees, including exotic orchids and cacti. Visitors can take guided tours of the gardens and enjoy the peaceful atmosphere and scenic views.
The Wli Waterfalls are a series of waterfalls located in the Volta Region of Ghana. They are the highest waterfalls in West Africa, with the main waterfall cascading over 60 meters. Visitors can take guided tours of the falls and swim in the natural pools at the base of the falls.
Osu Castle is a historic fortification located in Accra. It was built by the Danes in the 17th century and later served as the seat of government during the colonial period. The castle now houses the seat of government and is not open to the public, but visitors can explore the surrounding gardens and enjoy the stunning views.
Ada Foah Beach
Ada Foah Beach is a beautiful stretch of coastline located in the southeastern part of Ghana. It is known for its white sand beaches and clear blue waters, making it a popular destination for swimming, sunbathing, and water sports. Visitors can also take boat rides along the nearby Volta River or explore the traditional fishing villages that dot the coast. Other noteworthy attractions in Ghana include the Ashanti Kingdom, the Kwahu Mountains, the Boabeng-Fiema Monkey Sanctuary, and the Paga Crocodile Pond. Each of these destinations offers a unique glimpse into Ghana’s rich culture, history, and natural beauty.
Tips for Traveling in Ghana
Before embarking on your Ghanaian adventure, here are some tips to keep in mind:
Make sure to get all the necessary vaccinations before traveling to Ghana. Some recommended vaccines include Yellow Fever, Typhoid, and Hepatitis A.
Ghana is a conservative country, and it’s important to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites or rural areas. Women should avoid wearing revealing clothing or shorts, and men should wear long pants and shirts.
Use Reliable Transportation:
Public transportation in Ghana can be unreliable, and it’s best to use private taxis or car rentals. Always negotiate the fare before getting in the car and avoid traveling at night.
Try Local Cuisine:
Ghanaian cuisine is delicious and diverse, with many regional specialties to try. Some popular dishes include jollof rice, banku, and fufu. Be sure to also try the fresh fruit and juices available at roadside stands.
Respect Local Customs:
Ghanaian culture is deeply rooted in tradition and customs, and it’s important to respect them. This includes greeting elders and asking for permission before taking photos.
Ghana is a beautiful and vibrant country that offers a wealth of attractions and experiences for visitors. Whether you’re interested in history, nature, or culture, there’s something for everyone in Ghana. By including these must-see attractions in your itinerary and following these tips, you’re sure to have an unforgettable adventure in this fascinating West African nation.