Climb To The Roof Of Africa: A Guide To Conquering Mount Kilimanjaro


Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa, standing at an impressive 5,895 meters (19,341 feet) tall. Located in Tanzania, the mountain is a popular destination for adventure seekers from around the world. Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is a challenging and rewarding experience, and it requires careful planning and preparation. In this guide, we will provide you with all the information you need to conquer Mount Kilimanjaro.

Choose the Right Route

There are several routes to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, and each one offers a different experience. Some routes are shorter and steeper, while others are longer and more gradual. The most popular routes are the Marangu, Machame, and Lemosho routes. The Marangu route is the shortest and easiest, but it is also the busiest. The Machame and Lemosho routes are longer and more challenging, but they offer more scenic views and are less crowded.

The Marangu Route

The Marangu route, also known as the Coca-Cola route, is the oldest and most popular route on the mountain. It is the shortest and easiest route, but it is also the most crowded. The route takes five days to climb and four nights to sleep. The trail is well-defined and well-maintained, making it a good option for first-time climbers. However, due to its popularity, it can be difficult to find solitude on this route.

The Machame Route

The Machame route, also known as the Whiskey route, is one of the most scenic routes on the mountain. It takes six to seven days to climb and five to six nights to sleep. The trail is steeper and more challenging than the Marangu route, but it offers stunning views of the Shira Plateau and the Western Breach. This route is a good option for those who want a more challenging climb and a more scenic route.

The Lemosho Route

The Lemosho route is the newest route on the mountain and is becoming increasingly popular. It takes seven to nine days to climb and six to eight nights to sleep. The trail is longer and more gradual than the other routes, which allows for better acclimatization. It also offers stunning views of the Shira Plateau and the Western Breach. This route is a good option for those who want a more gradual climb and a less crowded route.

Get in Shape

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro requires a high level of physical fitness. You will be walking for several hours each day, often at high altitudes. It is important to prepare your body for the climb by doing regular exercise, such as hiking, running, or cycling. You should also try to build up your endurance by doing long-distance walks. It is recommended that you start training at least six months before your climb.

Acclimatize Properly

As you climb higher on Mount Kilimanjaro, the air becomes thinner, and the amount of oxygen decreases. This can lead to altitude sickness, which can be dangerous if not treated properly. It is important to acclimatize properly by taking your time and allowing your body to adjust to the altitude. This means taking rest days and walking at a slow pace. The longer routes, such as the Machame and Lemosho routes, allow for better acclimatization due to their gradual ascent.

Pack the Right Gear

When climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, it is important to pack the right gear. This includes warm and waterproof clothing, sturdy hiking boots, a good quality sleeping bag, and a backpack. You should also bring a water bottle, sunscreen, sunglasses, and a hat. It is important to pack light, as you will be carrying all your gear with you during the climb. The weight limit for your bag is typically 15kg, so make sure to only pack the essentials.

Hire a Professional Guide

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is not something to be taken lightly, and it is important to hire a professional guide. Guides are knowledgeable about the mountain and its dangers, and they can help ensure that you acclimatize properly and reach the summit safely. They can also help with setting up camp, cooking meals, and carrying gear. It is important to choose a reputable guide company that has experienced guides and good reviews.

Stay Hydrated and Well-Fed

Staying hydrated and well-fed is important when climbing Mount Kilimanjaro. Dehydration can lead to altitude sickness, so it is important to drink plenty of water throughout the day. Your guide will provide boiled water for drinking, but you should also bring water purification tablets or a filter in case of emergencies. It is also important to eat a balanced diet with plenty of carbohydrates, protein, and fats to keep your energy levels up.

Take Care of Your Feet

Your feet will be your most important asset during the climb, so it is important to take care of them. Make sure to wear well-fitting hiking boots that have been broken in before the climb. You should also bring blister prevention products, such as moleskin or tape. It is important to air out your feet and change into clean, dry socks at the end of each day.

Respect the Environment

Mount Kilimanjaro is a unique and fragile ecosystem, and it is important to respect the environment. Make sure to follow the “leave no trace” principle and pack out all your trash. Stay on designated trails and avoid disturbing wildlife. It is also important to use eco-friendly products, such as biodegradable soap and sunscreen.

Prepare for the Summit Push

The summit push is the most challenging part of the climb, and it is important to prepare properly. You will be waking up early in the morning and hiking for several hours in the dark to reach the summit at sunrise. The temperature will be below freezing, so make sure to bring warm clothing and a headlamp. It is important to walk slowly and take frequent breaks to catch your breath.

Celebrate Your Achievement

Reaching the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro is an incredible achievement, and it is important to celebrate your accomplishment. Take a moment to appreciate the stunning views and the sense of accomplishment. Take photos and share your experience with others. You have conquered one of the world’s tallest peaks, and that is something to be proud of.


Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is a challenging and rewarding experience that requires careful planning and preparation. Choose the right route, get in shape, acclimatize properly, pack the right gear, hire a professional guide, stay hydrated and well-fed, take care of your feet, respect the environment, prepare for the summit push, and celebrate your achievement. With the right mindset and preparation, you can conquer the roof of Africa and create memories that will last a lifetime.

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